Medical dangers of growth hormone deficiency
Adults who have a growth hormone deficiency have an increased chance of developing abnormal body composition, increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and reduced energy. In addition, fat tends to be packed on more easily, especially around the abdomen.
The deficiency causes decreased muscle strength and endurance to work out. Bones are also weaker, with an increased chance of developing osteoporosis later in life. Adults with growth hormone deficiency also experience a higher overall cholesterol level in blood.
Causes of growth hormone deficiency in adults
- Head injury
- Infections to the brain
- Bleeding in the brain
- Under-active hypothalamic drive
- Damage to the pituitary gland and hypothalamus
- Tumor in the pituitary gland and hypothalamus
- Surgery or radiation to remove a tumor